Phase Transitions in Solids: A special issue of the journal Phase Transitions (Phase Transitions: a Multinational Journal)

by K. Kawasaki

Publisher: Routledge

Written in English
Published: Pages: 304 Downloads: 434
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  • Condensed matter physics (liquids & solids),
  • Science,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Science / Physics,
  • Physics
The Physical Object
Number of Pages304
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL12643835M
ISBN 102881247849
ISBN 109782881247842

phase transitions and critical phenomena volume 19 Posted By John Creasey Public Library TEXT ID ef Online PDF Ebook Epub Library phenomena at sciencedirectcom elseviers leading platform of peer reviewed scholarly literature skip to journal menu skip to issue articles journals books register sign in.   Cellular phase transitions would also be very sensitive to changes in the concentration of ions and small molecules. Indeed, it is now emerging that phase‐separated compartments in living cells are exquisitely sensitive to changes in chemical or physical conditions, such as temperature or simple changes in the concentrations or affinities of. Phase-field-crystal modelling of the (2 × 1)–(1 × 1) phase transitions of Si(0 0 1) and Ge(0 0 1) surfaces Ye-Chuan Xu and Bang-Gui Liu 18 December | Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 42, No. 3.   “Heat Capacity λ-Anomalies” in Solid-State Phase Transitions It is not clear why Ehrenfest did not invoke the “heat capacity λ-anomaly” in NH 4 Cl phase transition, discovered by F. Simon in [9], for it exhibited the same peculiar λ-shape as that in liquid He. Later on, that λ-peak was reproduced many times by other workers and numerous similar cases were also reported.

The solid, secondary explosive nitramine-octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7 or HMX has four different stable polymorphs which have different molecular conformations, crystalline structures, and densities, making structural phase transitions between these nontrivial. Previous studies of the kinetics of the β–δ HMX structural transition found this to happen by a nucleation and growth. Ice has a very rich phase diagram (Petrenko and Whitworth ) as shown in Figure 1 1. Up to now, sixteen crystalline phases have been identified experimentally. All crystalline phases except ice X consist of water molecules connected to four adjacent ones by hydrogen bonds. We have investigated pressure-induced structural transitions in NaBH4 through density-functional theory calculations combined with X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments. Our calculations confirm that the cubic phase is stable up to GPa and an orthorhombic phase occurs above GPa, as observed in X-ray diffraction experiments. Both the calculations and X-ray diffraction measurements. A phase transition is the transformation of a thermodynamic system from one phase or state of matter to another one by heat term is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma.A phase of a thermodynamic system and the states of matter have uniform physical properties.

Under certain circumstances, phase transitions can occur in porous media consisting of a porous solid saturated with liquids and gases, for example, due to a freezing process, the liquid or parts of the liquid can turn into ice, which is then connected with the porous solid, or due to a drying process, the liquid or parts of the liquid are converted to vapor, which is then a component of the. Brillouin scattering is an ideal tool for accurately determining sound velocities in very small transparent samples (about 20‐μm thickness). In particular, Brillouin scattering in a diamond anvil c. Filling a gap in the literature, this crucial publication on the renowned Lifshitz-Slezov-Wagner Theory of first-order phase transitions is authored by one of the scientists who gave it its name. Prof Slezov spent decades analyzing this topic and obtained a number of results that form the cornerstone of this rapidly developing branch of science. The term phase transition (or phase change) is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid, and gaseous states of matter, as well as plasma in rare cases. A phase of a thermodynamic system and the states of matter have uniform physical a phase transition of a given medium, certain properties of the medium change, often discontinuously, as a result of the.

Phase Transitions in Solids: A special issue of the journal Phase Transitions (Phase Transitions: a Multinational Journal) by K. Kawasaki Download PDF EPUB FB2

Stephen Z.D. Cheng, in Phase Transitions in Polymers, Crystalline solid–solid transitions. Crystalline solid–solid transitions are often observed in single component systems. Different from the process of crystallization–melting–recrystallization, crystalline solid–solid transitions take place solely in the solid.

Phase transitions are sometimes classified by their order 2. I will start my discussion with the first-order phase transitions that feature nonvanishing latent heat Λ—the amount of heat that is necessary to give one phase in order to turn it into another phase completely, even if.

The phase transition dynamics of real systems are discussed, treating interdisciplinary problems in a unified manner. Topics include supercritical fluid dynamics, stress-diffusion coupling in polymers and mesoscopic dynamics at structural phase transitions in by: Read the latest chapters of The Chemical Physics of Solid Surfaces atElsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature Book chapter Full text access Chapter 4 - Roughening, Preroughening, and Reconstruction Transitions in Crystal Surfaces Transitions in Crystal Surfaces.

Marcel den Nijs. Pages   We have shown that this system exhibits two first‐order phase transitions: a solid‐nematic type phase transition at high density and a disorientation phase transition at a density times smaller.

This result suggests that excluded volume effects might play an essential role in the disorientation phase transition of nematic liquid by: Of all transitions, only the eutectoid at K shows sufficiently high enthalpy of solid-solid phase transition (– J/g) and transition temperature significantly different from that of the solid-state transitions of pure compounds (NPG: K; TRIS: K).

Special attention has also been paid to the analysis of metastability issues. This Special Issue on “Pressure-Induced Phase Transformations” has the aim to give a forum for describing and discussing contemporary achievements.

The goal is to give special emphasis to phase transitions and their effects on different physical properties, but other topics, in special melting studies, are not excluded.

Authors are invited. Integral modeling approach to study the phase behavior of complex solids: application to phase transitions in MgSiO3pyroxenes Sandro Jahn Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations of Crystallography,Vol Number 5, Page   In fact, pressure-induced superconductivity and topological phase transitions Phase Transitions in Solids: A special issue of the journal Phase Transitions book been experimentally observed in the sister compound Bi 4 I 4 (17 ⇓ –19), which adopts an analogous structure consisting of 1D molecular chains that are coupled by weak van der Waals crystalline modifications, α-Βi 4 I 4 and β-Bi 4 I 4, are confirmed to be a normal insulator and a WTI at.

Water has played an important role in the Earth’s evolution. The incorporation of water as hydroxyl into solid mineral phases or as coexisting hydrous fluids and melts affects the chemical and physical properties of crust and mantle constituents, i.e., it weakens rocks and minerals, reduces viscosity and strength of the materials, and depresses dramatically the melting temperature of.

Understanding the phase transition and structural change during three Li-ion removal is indispensable to overcome the capacity fading in LVP cathodes. Herein, we explore for the first time the phase transition behavior responsible for severe capacity fading in LVP cathodes by combining synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction and GITT techniques.

We present a method to identify transition states and minimum energy paths for martensitic solid–solid phase transformations, thereby allowing quantification of the activation energies of such transformations.

Our approach is a generalization of a previous method for identifying transition states for chemical reactions, namely the climbing image-nudged elastic band algorithm, where here. Special issue: IUPAC D Issue 3 (Mar ), pp. Definitions of terms relating to phase transitions of the solid state (IUPAC Recommendations ) Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion,Vol Number 1, Page DOI: /s   The phase transitions by changing f are described by our theory developed in the previous section.

The band crossing which accompanies the phase transition occurs for Bi at (0, 0, 0) for f=, and at (π, 0, 0), (0, π, 0) and (0, 0, π) for f= For Sb, the band crossing occurs at (π, π, π) for f= These systems are I-symmetric.

Matter undergoes phase changes or phase transitions from one state of matter to another. Below is a complete list of the names of these phase changes. The most commonly known phase changes are those six between solids, liquids, and gasses. However, plasma also is a state of matter, so a complete list requires all eight total phase changes.

(Mg, Fe)SiO 3 orthopyroxene is an abundant mineral of oceanic subducting slabs. In‐situ high‐pressure and high‐temperature single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction has been used to investigate the phase transition of orthopyroxene across the enstatite‐ferrosilite (En‐Fs) join (En 70 Fs 30, En 55 Fs 45, En 44 Fs 56 and Fs ) up to GPa and K, simulating conditions within the.

While phase transitions (and boundary value problems in general) are at the heart of most field and phase work at the cutting edge of complexity theory and dynamical systems research today, very few books have been written that are accessible to the educated but non professional mathematician s: 3.

Phase transitions of liquid crystal PAA, p-azoxyanisole, in porous sol−gels of average pore diameters16, and 20 nm, are investigated using Raman spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. It is found that the phase transition temperatures inside small pores are depressed and the depressions are pore size dependent.

This phenomenon is observed for the solid to nematic and the. Phase Transitions is a good read for the JASSS audience interested in if, how, and when abrupt changes may occur—either as risks for collapse or as opportunities for salvation."—Emile Chappin, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation.

I am pleased to announce that the Journal: Applied Sciences will publish a special issue focused on “Phase Transitions in Polymers and Polymer-Based (Nano)Composites”. Reentrant volume–phase transitions are observed in N‐isopropyoacrylamide gels in the methanol–water mixtures.

When the solvent composition is varied systematically, the gel undergoes two transitions: a discontinuous collapsing followed by a discontinuous swelling. The reentrant transition defines a closed‐loop instability phase boundary having both upper and lower critical points.

The title of Book Review article has to be in the following format: Book review: Book title, Reviewer. NOTE: In the title, kindly ensure not to mention the name of the author of the book. Special issues The journal is open to special issues addressing exciting themes, as long as these consist of very coherent and high-quality contributions.

A series of W-doped (,and mol%) LiNiO 2 cathodes was synthesized to systematically investigate the stabilization effect of W doping. The 2 mol% W-LiNiO 2 cathode delivered mA h g −1 even after cycles at C, which was % of its initial capacity.

The capacity retention of LiNiO 2 cycled under the same conditions was %. In situ X-ray diffraction analysis of the. () A Local Discontinuous Galerkin Method for the Propagation of Phase Transition in Solids and Fluids. Journal of Scientific Computing.

() Functional entropy variables: A new methodology for deriving thermodynamically consistent algorithms for complex fluids, with particular reference to the isothermal Navier–Stokes–Korteweg equations. Quantum Phase Transitions is the first book to describe in detail the fundamental changes that can occur in the macroscopic nature of matter at zero temperature due to small variations in a given external parameter.

The subject plays a central role in the study of the electrical and magnetic properties of numerous important solid state materials. We present further observations of the solid/liquid and liquid/gaseous phase transition in plasma crystals.

Plasma crystal is the term used to describe the recently discovered ‘‘state’’ that a colloidal plasma may assume under certain conditions—a state which has properties resembling those of metals.

During the melting transition from solid to liquid the system passes through an. The differential thermal analysis (DTA) procedure is presented for the determination of equilibrium phase diagrams. The equilibrium solid-solid phase transition temperatures, which are needed in the construction of phase diagrams, cannot be obtained directly from the DTA data due to the superheating or undercooling during the actual DTA operation.

Abstract. This paper was devoted to explanation of the phase transitions nature in Ca 12 Al 14 O 33±δ which were studied by a combination of methods: simultaneous thermal analysis, high-temperature X-ray diffraction analysis, Raman spectroscopy.

One of the phase transitions is assumed to be connected with peroxide ions appearance/disappearance in mayenite at K. Lithium potassium sulphate (LiKSO 4) exhibits a rich variety of structural phase transitions. Ten different phases have been reported over the temperature range from approximately 4 to K.

The room temperature phase is hexagonal P6 cooling, the room temperature phase transforms at approximately K to another phase which is now believed to be trigonal P31c, although the.

Glass and State Transitions in Food and Biological Materials describes how glass transition has been applied to food micro-structure, food processing, product development, storage studies, packaging development and other areas. This book has been structured so that readers can initially grasp the basic principles and instrumentation, before moving through the various applications.

Apart from metals and alloys, the book places special emphasis on the growth of thin films and bulk crystals, which are the two main pillars of modern device and semiconductor technology. All the presented phenomena are tied back to the basic thermodynamic properties of the materials and to the underlying physical processes for clarity.This is the case, for instance, of models describing the dynamics of liquid-vapor phase transitions in compressible fluids, or of solid-solid phase transformations in materials such as memory alloys.In chemistry, thermodynamics, and many other related fields, phase transitions (or phase changes) are the physical processes of transition between the basic states of matter: solid, liquid, and gas, as well as plasma in rare cases.

A phase of a thermodynamic system and the states of matter have uniform physical a phase transition of a given medium, certain properties of the.