Groundwater Vulnerability in Developing Commonwealth Countries

Case Studies

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat

Written in English
Cover of: Groundwater Vulnerability in Developing Commonwealth Countries |
Published: Pages: 84 Downloads: 473
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  • Management of land & natural resources,
  • Nature / Field Guide Books,
  • Nature,
  • Nature/Ecology,
  • British Commonwealth,
  • Developing countries,
  • Environmental Conservation & Protection - General,
  • Water Supply,
  • Nature / Water Supply

Edition Notes

ContributionsSiyan Mamomo (Editor), Sandra M.E. Wint (Editor)
The Physical Object
Number of Pages84
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL8265934M
ISBN 100850927617
ISBN 109780850927610

The catchment-scale groundwater vulnerability assessment that delineates zones representing different levels of groundwater susceptibility to contaminants from diffuse agricultural sources has become an important element in groundwater pollution prevention for the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD). This paper evaluates the DRASTIC method using an ArcGIS . Contamination may enter the groundwater at vulnerable points, such as shallow, fractured soils or abandoned wells and boreholes. A comprehensive review of groundwater and groundwater vulnerability has been published by Schmoll et al. (). In contrast to groundwater, rainwater and surface water are considered to be more susceptible to.   This chapter uses this approach in the development of the proposed methodology for assessing groundwater vulnerability to the Chernobyl‐born radionuclide Cs within the Kyiv region area of the Dnieper basin. Assessment of vulnerability and protectability of the upper groundwater (unconfined aquifer) includes the three stages.   This accessible new textbook provides a thorough introduction to all aspects of groundwater systems and their management. Using straightforward language and analogies to everyday experiences, it explains the origins, nature, and behavior of subsurface water without resorting to complicated mathematics.. Groundwater in the Environment draws on case studies and cutting-edge .

What is Groundwater Vulnerability? Groundwater vulnerability is a measure of how easy or how hard it is for pollution or contamination at the land surface to reach a production aquifer. Stated another way, it is a measure of the “degree of insulation” that natural and manmade factors provide to keep pollution away from groundwater. Openness, insularity, resilience, weakness, and dependence are important factors influencing small state engagement in the international system, according to the Commonwealth Advisory Group report, A future for small states: overcoming vulnerability. Small states are exposed to a high degree of economic openness often with a dependence on strategic imports (particularly food, energy, and. Ground Water Vulnerability Assessment: Emphasis should be placed on developing methods that are relatively inexpensive. This book will be indispensable to policymakers and resource managers, environmental professionals, researchers, faculty, and students involved in ground water issues, as well as investigators developing new assessment. In this volume the recent developments within the interlinked areas of groundwater pollution, aquifer recharge and vulnerability are highlighted. The book provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between pollution, recharge and vulnerability set against the current groundwater protection policies of the UK and Republic of Ireland.

Groundwater Vulnerability to Microbial Contamination in Subwater­ sheds of Pilot Counties in North Georgia (Baloch & Sahar, ) HUC = hydrologic unit code. FIGURE 1 Groundwater vulnerability or susceptibil­ ity is a system property that refers to “ground­ water sensitivity to contamination and describes the relative tendency or likelihood. Floods are among the most recurring and devastating natural hazards, impacting human lives and causing severe economic damage. Urbanization can increase the risk of flooding due to increased peak discharge and volume. Over arid urban areas of developing countries, flood disaster management is reactive, responding to prevailing disaster situations, mainly because of the lack of budget.   4. Groundwater discharge as affected by land use change in small catchments: A hydrologic and economic case study in Central Brazil 5. Effects of storm surges on groundwater resources, North Andros Island, Bahamas 6. Reducing groundwater vulnerability in Carbonate Island countries in the Pacific. Dry (Arid and Semiarid) Climates 7.   Water vulnerability is a crucial issue as countries attempt to slake the thirst of growing populations. In the past 50 years, the amount of water withdrawn for human use has tripled.

Groundwater Vulnerability in Developing Commonwealth Countries Download PDF EPUB FB2

This publication provides guidance to water-sector decision makers and planners on how to deal with the quality dimension of groundwater resources management in the World Bank's client countries. There is growing evidence of increasing pollution threats to groundwater and some well-documented cases of irreversible damage to important aquifers.

A Commonwealth Vulnerability Index for Developing Countries: The Position of Small States, Economic Paper No. 40 (Economic Paper Series) [Atkins, Jonathan, Mazzi, Sonia, Easter, Christopher D.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A Commonwealth Vulnerability Index for Developing Countries: The Position of Small States, Economic Paper No.

40 (Economic. The International conference on “Groundwater Vulnerability—From Scientific Concept to Practical Application” was the second on contemporary groundwater vulnerability issues to be organised in Ustroń, Poland. In fact, it was the third IAH conference on groundwater vulnerability organised in Poland by the University of by: 3.

This study describes a methodology for assessing groundwater contamination risk that combines the inherent vulnerability, pollution sources, and groundwater function zoning. In this article, we developed a simple groundwater pollution risk index method that can be easily applied in many developing by: 5.

A Commonwealth Vulnerability Index for Developing Countries The Position of Small States There is growing international recognition that high economic exposure, remoteness, isolation and proneness to natural disasters all have a debilitating effect on small economies, despite the fact that some of them exhibit relatively high per capita : Jonathan P.

Atkins, Sonia Mazzi, Christopher D. Easter. The study shows that about 48% of the catchment area groundwater is under high vulnerability to water pollution, which is the main cause of concern for nearlypeople living in Ajlun. The study found that the most water-vulnerable countries are Jordan, Yemen and Groundwater Vulnerability in Developing Commonwealth Countries book.

All the three countries witness low rainfall and high extraction of groundwater, have limited surface water storage and experience high dependence on neighbouring countries for water supply.

The Commonwealth helps member countries take advantage of opportunities for economic growth, improving their ability to manage long-term sustainable development. Written by experts from around the world, our books address important economic and financial topics affecting Commonwealth countries.

Funding for adaptation in developing countries must be sufficient and sustained. Least developed countries (LDCs) and small island developing States (SIDS) in particular need special consideration due to their extreme vulnerability.

In this book, background information on climate change and why adaptation is needed in developing countries is. located in countries. GWP Perspectives Papers are available at the GWP ToolBox: Towards Integrated Urban Water Management () Increasing Water Security – A Development Imperative () Water in the Green Economy () Groundwater Resources and Irrigated Agriculture – Making a Beneficial Relation More Sustainable.

Towards Effective Waste Disposal in Developing Countries by Yvonne Gotlop Bogatsu The Role of EIA in Waste Disposal and Management by F.T.K. Sefe PART 5 Environmental and Health Implications of Waste Management in Developing Countries by Dennis Bella Biomedical Waste Management in Developing Countries by M.F.

Simpanya The results from the statistical comparison between groundwater vulnerability map, the data layers, the groundwater quality data and the distances from groundwater pollution aggravating land cover features for Lagos metropolis are presented in Table 1 1.

The values for the net recharge (R) and aquifer media (A) were the same for the seven. Add tags for "A Commonwealth vulnerability index for developing countries: the position of small states". Be the first. Divided into four sections, the book provides a conceptual and theoretical framework, traces the evolution of work in this area, assesses the role of different stakeholders and.

The manual ‘Understanding Groundwater & Wells in manual drilling’ complements the 4 technical training handbooks and highlights those essential subjects which are relevant to manual drilling, geo-hydrology, hygiene, well installation and well development in practice, in simple and.

The most prominent feature in Fig. 1 is the region of high groundwater pollution vulnerability (classes 1–4) in areas where Major aquifers are present; for example, the Upper Cretaceous Chalk and Lower Cretaceous sand and sandstone aquifers in southeast England, Humberside and Yorkshire, the Jurassic limestone aquifers in Lincolnshire and the Triassic sandstones in the East and.

Books / Food and Agriculture; An overview of the forests and forestry sectors of the countries of the Commonwealth. MYR Groundwater Vulnerability in Developing Commonwealth Countries Case Studies. edited by Siyan Malomo and Sandra M E Wint. MYR Indonesia: Strategic Vision for Agriculture and Rural Development.

In the last decade, several authors have used this model to study the effect of different pesticides to groundwater vulnerability [,]. In other cases, a Bayesian methodology has been used to calculate the vulnerability of groundwater to pesticide contamination directly from monitoring data.

Groundwater and the Environment book. Applications for the Global Community. not only a means for developing agriculture. Water is a real culture bearer, it is a living blood, that creates life where there was none".

Groundwater Vulnerability. Ecological Consequences of Groundwater Pumping Out. Groundwater Use in Public Health. This book presents recent findings from the South Asian region (SA), broadly including groundwater studies on (a) quantity, (b) exploration, (c) quality and pollution, (d) economics, management and policies, (e) groundwater and society, and (f) sustainable sources.

It offers a compilation of. The present work attempts to interpret the groundwater vulnerability of the Melaka State in peninsular Malaysia. The state of groundwater pollution in Melaka is a critical issue particularly in respect of the increasing population, and tourism industry as well as the agricultural, industrial and commercial development.

Focusing on this issue, the study illustrates the groundwater vulnerability. Focus on Groundwater Resources, Climate and Vulnerability Contents.

Groundwater: from mystery to management T N Narasimhan. Simulated response of groundwater to predicted recharge in a semi-arid region using a scenario of modelled climate change M W Toews and D M Allen. Long-term climatic change and sustainable ground water resources management.

The groundwater vulnerability map was constructed by means of the DRASTIC method. The map reveals that groundwater is highly vulnerable in Central and West Africa, where the watertable is very low.

Numerous approaches have been used or proposed for assessing ground water vulnerability. They range from sophisticated models of the physical, chemical, and biological processes occurring in the vadose zone and ground water regime, to models that weight critical factors affecting vulnerability through either statistical methods or expert judgment.

Ground-water vulnerability: Nonpoint-source contamination, climate variability, and the High Plains aquifer, VDM Verlag Publishing, Saarbrucken, Germany, ISBN:p. (link) Journal Articles (peer reviewed). This book presents selected papers from the 7th International Conference on Water and Flood Management (March ), with a special focus on water security under climate change.

Water security needs to be investigated widely in a global and regional context. Ground Water Vulnerability Assessment – Challenges and Opportunities Last 50 years have seen unprecedented development of groundwater resource.

At a regional level groundwater is of huge importance in Africa, Asia and Central and South America. Nationally, countries from Palestine to Denmark are dependant on groundwater and examples of.

This book has been written specifically for practitioners involved in the operation, maintenance and management of piped water supplies in urban areas in developing countries. It outlines the specialized supporting programmes that should be considered when developing Water Safety Plans (WSPs).

VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES Background paper for the expert meeting on adaptation for small island developing States This paper was commissioned by the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change with input provided by Dr.

Graham Sem. Groundwater Vulnerability is a term used to represent the natural ground characteristics that determine the ease with which groundwater may be contaminated by human activities.

More scientifically, groundwater vulnerability embodies the characteristics of the intrinsic geological and hydrogeological features at a site that determine the ease of.

Pollution vulnerability of theOwerri regional water supply aquifer wasevaluated as a basis for developing appropriateprotection strategy for the groundwaterresource. The assessment was accomplished usingLegrand, GOD, Siga and DRASTIC ques of the models generally involvedparameters rating and point count systems, whichare based on the evaluation of various .The Italian approaches to assessing and mapping groundwater vulnerability to contamination are essentially based on two main methodologies: 1) the GNDCI Basic Method [1,2] a HCS type approach that can be used for any type of Italian hydrogeologic situation, even .The Secretariat is also developing a Vulnerability Index for small states and is in the process of updating the Commonwealth Report on the Vulnerability of Small States.